Anthropologists dug graves and pillaged old bones of AINU people.
In 1880s - 1960s, some Japanese anthropologists and anatomists were very interested in the ethnology and had gathered plenty of bones by digging graves of AINU people in Hokkaido and other islands. Why did they do such blasphemy? Because they were ambitious of looking for the features as AINU race by measuring bones, especially skulls. They actually finished many papers depend on this "researches".
However, they sometimes dug the graves without the admissions of bereaved families. And sometimes they brought not only bones but grave goods also. There were some treasures so-called TAMASAI in the grave goods.
The names of the scientists ; Ph.D. Yoshikiyo KOGANEI (1858-1944) from Tokyo imperial University, Ph.D. Kenji KIYONO (1885-1955) from Kyoto imperial University, and Ph.D. Sakuzaemon KODAMA (1895-1970) from Hokkaido imperial University.
In 1980s, a bereaved family of AINU required the University of Hokkaido to give back the ashes keeping in the laboratory for animal examinations of the faculty of medicine for many years. The families and the Association of AINU handed notes of protest to the University, and then, 35 families received each ashes. The University built a charnel for AINU people by the hospital of the faculty, and stored again the ashes. There are 929 ashes in the charnel.
However, the University has never apologized for the indigenous people. Nobody knows where the many grave goods are. So Mr. Ryukichi OGAWA(1935−), one of the EKASIs of AINU, has required to show all papers, reports, letters, notes, and something else concerns with the researches in 2008 using the Low of Information Legislation. The office of the University has given him 35 information.
The Lists of AINU bones gathered by digging, written by the 2nd Department of Anatomy, recorded year unknown, is one of the new materials in public at first time. The Research of HOKUDAI Materials, a group for supporting Mr. OGAWA, has found some conflicts between materials and papers, for example, the numbers of ashes or grave goods.
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